U.S. warehouse vacancy remains at all-time lows, with estimates placing national vacancy below 4%. Meanwhile, e-commerce sellers, traditional retailers, manufacturers, and other industrial stakeholders are all competing for new space as it becomes available. The natural response in this situation involves building more warehouses and factories, but that solution is easier said than done. A variety of factors have created difficulties for builders as they attempt to access the materials they need.
Supply chain disruptions have driven the cost of non-residential building materials up by more than 23%, making many new projects cost-prohibitive even when builders can find a reliable supply of materials. As industrial real estate stakeholders seek to close the gap between supply and demand in 2022, building material shortages will play a major role in their ability to do so.
Where Have All the Building Materials Gone?
As with many other areas of the supply chain, building materials have experienced a perfect storm of disruptive factors. Some of the most notable events include:
- U.S./China trade war. As trade tensions between the U.S. and China continuously escalated in 2018-19, builders got caught in the crossfire. Tariffs were levied on hundreds of building material imports, including steel and aluminum, making it difficult for architects and contractors to afford the materials needed for industrial facilities. Most of those tariffs remain in place even under the new presidential administration, which is contributing to the current price of building material imports.
- COVID-19. The pandemic further exacerbated challenges posed by the U.S/China trade war as demand for e-commerce goods skyrocketed, quickly pushing demand for warehouses and fulfillment centers to unexpected levels. Meanwhile, two years of port and factory closures around the world bogged down the supply chain and limited access to critical building materials. Recent estimates about supply chain disruptions predict these issues will last into 2023 at a minimum.
- Natural disasters. The unexpected freeze in Texas in 2021 had serious ramifications for building materials. This phenomenon had a severe impact on the supply chain for cement, paint, plastics, and numerous other building materials that those sectors are still trying to recover from. As the severity of wildfires and hurricanes continues to increase, these events will create additional challenges.
- Russia/Ukraine. Russia produces a significant percentage of copper and aluminum found on the global market. As such, sanctions placed on Russia in response to its invasion of Ukraine have further driven up the price of these critical building materials. The war’s impact on the global energy sector will also have a negative effect on the pricing and availability of building materials.
- Inflation. Though real estate is often considered a buffer for inflation, construction is not. General contractors operate on credit, which means they have to take out loans and put up money up front to cover the cost of materials on a project. Inflated building material prices may cause many contractors and subcontractors to seek smaller jobs with more affordable upfront costs and lower financial risk—which is bad news for developers of larger facilities, such as industrial plants and warehouses.
- Labor shortages. Labor problems have created issues along the building materials supply chain, from factories to transportation and logistics providers. With more than 1 million manufacturing jobs expected to go unfilled by 2030, it’s unlikely that the building materials sector will experience relief from labor shortages any time soon. A shortage of 80,000 truck drivers in the U.S. further exacerbates this problem by limiting transportation capacity and making it more difficult to get finished materials from factories to construction sites.
Finding new industrial real estate in the current environment can prove exceptionally challenging. Working with an experienced industrial real estate firm can help to mitigate some of the obstacles facing lessees and buyers in today’s market.
About Phoenix Investors
Founded by Frank P. Crivello in 1994, Phoenix Investors and its affiliates (collectively “Phoenix”) are a leader in the acquisition, development, renovation, and repositioning of industrial facilities throughout the United States. Utilizing a disciplined investment approach and successful partnerships with institutional capital sources, corporations and public stakeholders, Phoenix has developed a proven track record of generating superior risk adjusted returns, while providing cost-efficient lease rates for its growing portfolio of national tenants. Its efforts inspire and drive the transformation and reinvigoration of the economic engines in the communities it serves. Phoenix continues to be defined by thoughtful relationships, sophisticated investment tools, cost efficient solutions, and a reputation for success.
Mr. Frank P. Crivello began his real estate career in 1982, focusing his investments in multifamily, office, industrial, and shopping center developments across the United States. From 1994 to 2008, Mr. Crivello assisted Phoenix Investors in its execution of its then business model of acquiring net lease commercial real estate across the United States. Since 2009, Mr. Crivello has assisted Phoenix Investors in the shift of its core focus to the acquisition of industrial real estate throughout the country.
Given his extensive experience in all aspects of commercial real estate, Mr. Crivello provides strategic and operational input to Phoenix Investors and its affiliated companies.
Mr. Crivello received a B.A., Magna Cum Laude, from Brown University and the London School of Economics, while completing a double major in Economics and Political Science; he is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. Outside of his business interests, Mr. Crivello invests his time, energy, and financial support across a wide net of charitable projects and organizations.